History of Europe 30 Years War

Spread the loveIt dominates in particular thanks to its religion, Catholicism, majority religion throughout Western Europe. But for some time, Protestant currents are born and question the Roman church. -Roman Church, I have a problem, German populations begin to become Lutheran. -Oh, it was you who also gave them too much religious freedom … In short, in 1618 the war began, the small Protestant countries of northern Germany against Austria and the Spanish Netherlands. But also the small Protestant countries of southern Germany against northern Catholic Italy. All this within the Holy Roman Empire. Among the small Protestant states, two

Past culture about Protestant reforms

Spread the lovethe monopoly that the Roman Church has over it. The most famous is Martin Luther that challenged Rome in the 1520s. -Yeah the Catholic religion, it takes advantage of us! We have to challenge all of this! The first country to protest against the Catholic Church is the Canton of Zurich. In 1524, in various German countries, in particular Baden, revolts are emerging against the supremacy of the Catholic religious order. In the 1530s, there is a war between Catholic cantons and Protestant cantons in the south of the Holy Roman Empire. -We are against Catholicism! -We won’t

The most spoken language I thought was pencil

Spread the loveTajik is written with the Cyrillic alphabetunlike Persian and Dari which are written with the Arabic alphabetin the Persian variant.There is Quechua, the official language in Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador.Like all Native American languages in Spanish-speaking countries,their official status is symbolic and isn’t utilized in the administration,Spanish dominates. Mandarin is that the official language of the People’s Republic of China,from Taiwan which is that the Republic of China and from Singapore.Now we attend 4 countries! Dutch is that the official language in three countries. Netherlands , Belgium and Suriname.But there’s Afrikaans which may be a variant of Dutch,

Languages spoken in the most countries!!!!

Spread the lovethe list of languages which have official status in several countries. i will be able to only take under consideration the languages which have official status at the national level. In some countries there are not any official languages, during this case, i will be able to take under consideration the language which is employed de facto within the administration. during a country, there are often either a politician language, there can also be official national languages or de facto languages. allow us to take a couple of examples. In Botswana there are two official languages: English and

The geography of Malaysia (a second part)

Spread the loveIndigenous people are a very small minority on the peninsula, but in large numbers in Borneo. Then there are the two main non-Bumiputera groups. That is to say, non-natives. Chinese and Indians. The Chinese represent 23% of the population. They are practically all Han. Some Chinese arrived in Malaysia very early, around the 15th century, others on the contrary arrived in the 20th century during British colonization. Indians represent less than 10% of the population. Good Indian is not really an ethnic group, but here it mostly means that they are from India. They migrated to Malaysia especially

The geography of Malaysia

Spread the loveMalaysia is a country located in Southeast Asia. A little less than 330,000 km² for 30 million inhabitants. The density is 86 inhabitants per km². The capital is officially Kuala Lumpur. Although all government institutions are located in its suburb of Putrajaya. The geography of Malaysia is particularly interesting for two points. First, the fact that it is a country separated in two, the peninsula on one side, Borneo on the other. And secondly, because it is a country where several ethnic groups live together. Physical geography: As said before, the country is cut in two. On one

Geography of Italy (the third part)

Spread the loveIt’s a tradition but it’s not too suitable to the planet economy. In summary, we will say that the North West is that the area of the capitalism , while the North-East and therefore the Center-North are the world of the tiny business economy. additionally thereto , we must add tourism. There are several sorts of tourism. Seaside tourism, especially in Sardinia or the Adriatic. There are many seaside resorts, the foremost famous is Rimini. in fact cultural tourism, everywhere the country. Italy is legendary to possess the best number of UNESCO heritage. But hey, generally , the

Geography of Italy (a second part)

Spread the lovePeople don’t speak Standard Greek but an endemic Greek dialect, we don’t know if they speak it from ancient Greece or since Byzantine times. Finally, still in the south of Italy, there are Albanian communities, the Arbëresh who are descendants of Albanians arrived at the Renaissance. After ethnically, Southern Italy would be much more varied than that since the territory has been conquered by the Greeks, the Arabs, the Normans and the Spaniards. The North has been populated by Germanic peoples. As for religion, if we omit recent immigration, the territory is entirely Catholic. Speaking of immigration, Italy

Geography of Italy

Spread the loveItaly may be a country located in Europe. 301,336 km², the population is approximately 60 million. The capital is Rome and it’s been a republic since 1946. physiography Italy is in particular a peninsula, called the Italian Peninsula . additionally to the present peninsula. The Padania plain to the north and therefore the Alps even further north. additionally , there are several islands including the 2 most vital are Sardinia and Sicily. It’s quite mountainous country since we discover there in fact Alps with Mont Blanc which rises to around 4,810 meters, the most important summit in Italy

a second part

Geography of Netherlands (a second part)

Spread the loveThe Hague and Rotterdam, for his or her part, are very close, together they greatly exceed 2 million inhabitants. However, we will go even further. There are many cities between Amsterdam and therefore the other two, notably Harlem and Leyden. If we take the 2 regions North Holland and South Holland we get a population of quite 6 million inhabitants to which we will add the province of Utrecht which of Flevoland to make an enormous urban complex of seven million inhabitants. This set is nicknamed the Randstad Holland which suggests the border town of Holland because urbanization

The geography of France

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France is a country located in Europe, it also has territories elsewhere, but I’ll talk about that later. 675,000 km² including 551,000 in Europe, the country’s population is of around 67 million inhabitants. The capital is Paris and it is a republic semi-presidential. Citizens are led to vote directly for their president. Geo Physics Let’s take a quick look at where the mountains are: Alps, Massif Central, Pyrenees, Vosges, Jura and so on. You could say that the east is more mountainous than the west.
And let’s take a quick look at the rivers: The Seine, the Loire, the Garonne, the Rhône and the Rhine. If not in terms of climate, oceanic, continental and Mediterranean climate. Otherwise, this territory was administratively divided into approximately 36,000 communes. The number drops every year. Which is a huge number especially in comparison with other countries Europeans, Germany for example has three times less. These municipalities are the heritage Catholic parishes of the old regime since 1789. The municipalities are divided into departments, too, set up in 1789, their number has evolved and today there are 101, to which we have added since 2015 a metropolis, a metropolis of Lyon which has become independent from its original department. Then these departments were divided into regions, originally 26 in number,
some merged on January 1, 2016, they are now only 18. The commune of Paris has 2 million inhabitants, with its agglomeration, it would rather make it 10.11 or even 12 million inhabitants. Lyon and Marseille are the two largest agglomerations after Paris, with around or almost 2 million inhabitants each. The other big cities of the country are Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille, Nice, Nantes, Strasbourg. Each having a regional role. But France remains a well centralized country, a case far from unique in the world. Paris brings together between 10 and 20% of the country’s population. In the future, what is projected is that the regions gain in power, that the departments are removed and the most populated municipalities are replaced by metropolises. This is decentralization. This decentralization began in 1982 when the departments and regions began to get their own assemblies. Outside of Europe, France also has territories which are either the same statutes, such as Guadeloupe or Réunion which have a regional assembly and an assembly departmental each. Then there are Guyana, Martinique and Mayotte which have an assembly unique both regional and departmental. The other territories have particular statutes: Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, Saint-Barthélemy, Saint-Martin, Wallis-et-Futuna, French Polynesia and New Caledonia are overseas communities but are apart in the administration. They have one greater autonomy, in particular New Caledonia which is almost a country apart. Besides, Grande Terre, the main island of New Caledonia is the largest island French.
The Southern and Antarctic Lands and Clipperton Island are overseas territories. They have no autonomy, moreover they have no inhabitants. The official language of France, since 1992 is French which is a native language of Île-de-France, itself from the language of OIL, including various dialects are spoken in the north of France. The current dialects of the Oil language such as Norman or Burgundian can be considered as dialects of French. In addition to the language of Oil, two other quite similar languages can be considered as variants of French, Occitan, from the south of France and Francoprovençal, spoken in the East.

There is Breton, which is a Celtic language, like Irish for example. Flemish is historically spoken in the far north of France. In Alsace, there is Alsatian, which is a Germanic language. In Roussillon, there is Catalan, a Romance language like French but not Gallo-Romance. France includes part of the Basque Country, the other part being in Spain. We talk there Basque, which is a completely isolated language. It existed before the arrival of Latin. Finally in Corsica, Corsica is spoken, which can be considered as an Italian language. Obviously, overseas, we also speak other languages. Either indigenous languages, or Creole languages. All these regional languages are very little spoken today due to a policy of standardization.
The Council of Europe, of which France is a member, asks its member countries to try to promote its regional languages, but France has not ratified the charter concerned. In short, to standardize all these territories, they must be linked. As for overseas, practically everything is done by plane, with direct flights from Paris, except for the Pacific where stopovers are mandatory, but that’s because it’s too far. Otherwise, if we look at the road network, it is well developed outside the mountains.
The same goes for the highways which adjoin the main cities of the country. The major axis of country can be considered as being the one starting from Lille towards Marseilles while passing by Paris and Lyon. The highway was completed between 1969 and 1971. Otherwise, France has developed one of the first high-speed rail networks (TGV) in Europe with first a line between Paris and Lyon in 1981 then with a real network in a star over the 1990s and 2000s. Whether it is the highways or the TGV, these networks have the effect of creating tunnel effects. Regions are crossed by major axes but without benefiting from them.
Indeed, if we look at the density map, some regions are very sparsely populated. An axis going from the North-East to the South-West is even called the diagonal of the void. Yet the villages are very numerous there. Historically, France is a country with a large population, but declining fertility and the rural exodus have emptied some regions. Moreover, it is the construction of transport infrastructure that has enabled to recover a lot of labor from the countryside, labor that will be brought to live in the city afterwards. Since the 1950s, these sparsely populated regions have hosted various artificial lakes.

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