History of Europe 30 Years War

Spread the loveIt dominates in particular thanks to its religion, Catholicism, majority religion throughout Western Europe. But for some time, Protestant currents are born and question the Roman church. -Roman Church, I have a problem, German populations begin to become Lutheran. -Oh, it was you who also gave them too much religious freedom … In short, in 1618 the war began, the small Protestant countries of northern Germany against Austria and the Spanish Netherlands. But also the small Protestant countries of southern Germany against northern Catholic Italy. All this within the Holy Roman Empire. Among the small Protestant states, two

Past culture about Protestant reforms

Spread the lovethe monopoly that the Roman Church has over it. The most famous is Martin Luther that challenged Rome in the 1520s. -Yeah the Catholic religion, it takes advantage of us! We have to challenge all of this! The first country to protest against the Catholic Church is the Canton of Zurich. In 1524, in various German countries, in particular Baden, revolts are emerging against the supremacy of the Catholic religious order. In the 1530s, there is a war between Catholic cantons and Protestant cantons in the south of the Holy Roman Empire. -We are against Catholicism! -We won’t

The most spoken language I thought was pencil

Spread the loveTajik is written with the Cyrillic alphabetunlike Persian and Dari which are written with the Arabic alphabetin the Persian variant.There is Quechua, the official language in Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador.Like all Native American languages in Spanish-speaking countries,their official status is symbolic and isn’t utilized in the administration,Spanish dominates. Mandarin is that the official language of the People’s Republic of China,from Taiwan which is that the Republic of China and from Singapore.Now we attend 4 countries! Dutch is that the official language in three countries. Netherlands , Belgium and Suriname.But there’s Afrikaans which may be a variant of Dutch,

Languages spoken in the most countries!!!!

Spread the lovethe list of languages which have official status in several countries. i will be able to only take under consideration the languages which have official status at the national level. In some countries there are not any official languages, during this case, i will be able to take under consideration the language which is employed de facto within the administration. during a country, there are often either a politician language, there can also be official national languages or de facto languages. allow us to take a couple of examples. In Botswana there are two official languages: English and

The geography of Malaysia (a second part)

Spread the loveIndigenous people are a very small minority on the peninsula, but in large numbers in Borneo. Then there are the two main non-Bumiputera groups. That is to say, non-natives. Chinese and Indians. The Chinese represent 23% of the population. They are practically all Han. Some Chinese arrived in Malaysia very early, around the 15th century, others on the contrary arrived in the 20th century during British colonization. Indians represent less than 10% of the population. Good Indian is not really an ethnic group, but here it mostly means that they are from India. They migrated to Malaysia especially

The geography of Malaysia

Spread the loveMalaysia is a country located in Southeast Asia. A little less than 330,000 km² for 30 million inhabitants. The density is 86 inhabitants per km². The capital is officially Kuala Lumpur. Although all government institutions are located in its suburb of Putrajaya. The geography of Malaysia is particularly interesting for two points. First, the fact that it is a country separated in two, the peninsula on one side, Borneo on the other. And secondly, because it is a country where several ethnic groups live together. Physical geography: As said before, the country is cut in two. On one

Geography of Italy (the third part)

Spread the loveIt’s a tradition but it’s not too suitable to the planet economy. In summary, we will say that the North West is that the area of the capitalism , while the North-East and therefore the Center-North are the world of the tiny business economy. additionally thereto , we must add tourism. There are several sorts of tourism. Seaside tourism, especially in Sardinia or the Adriatic. There are many seaside resorts, the foremost famous is Rimini. in fact cultural tourism, everywhere the country. Italy is legendary to possess the best number of UNESCO heritage. But hey, generally , the

Geography of Italy (a second part)

Spread the lovePeople don’t speak Standard Greek but an endemic Greek dialect, we don’t know if they speak it from ancient Greece or since Byzantine times. Finally, still in the south of Italy, there are Albanian communities, the Arbëresh who are descendants of Albanians arrived at the Renaissance. After ethnically, Southern Italy would be much more varied than that since the territory has been conquered by the Greeks, the Arabs, the Normans and the Spaniards. The North has been populated by Germanic peoples. As for religion, if we omit recent immigration, the territory is entirely Catholic. Speaking of immigration, Italy

Geography of Italy

Spread the loveItaly may be a country located in Europe. 301,336 km², the population is approximately 60 million. The capital is Rome and it’s been a republic since 1946. physiography Italy is in particular a peninsula, called the Italian Peninsula . additionally to the present peninsula. The Padania plain to the north and therefore the Alps even further north. additionally , there are several islands including the 2 most vital are Sardinia and Sicily. It’s quite mountainous country since we discover there in fact Alps with Mont Blanc which rises to around 4,810 meters, the most important summit in Italy

a second part

Geography of Netherlands (a second part)

Spread the loveThe Hague and Rotterdam, for his or her part, are very close, together they greatly exceed 2 million inhabitants. However, we will go even further. There are many cities between Amsterdam and therefore the other two, notably Harlem and Leyden. If we take the 2 regions North Holland and South Holland we get a population of quite 6 million inhabitants to which we will add the province of Utrecht which of Flevoland to make an enormous urban complex of seven million inhabitants. This set is nicknamed the Randstad Holland which suggests the border town of Holland because urbanization

Past culture about Protestant reforms

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the monopoly that the Roman Church has over it. The most famous is Martin Luther that challenged Rome in the 1520s. -Yeah the Catholic religion, it takes advantage of us! We have to challenge all of this! The first country to protest against the Catholic Church is the Canton of Zurich. In 1524, in various German countries, in particular Baden, revolts are emerging against the supremacy of the Catholic religious order. In the 1530s, there is a war between Catholic cantons and Protestant cantons in the south of the Holy Roman Empire. -We are against Catholicism! -We won’t let you do that! In 1523, Protestantism developed in Sweden in order to find its independence from the Kalmar Union dominated by Denmark, what will work. But in fact, the same year, it is also expanding in Denmark, which will later establish it in Norway. England becomes independent Protestant with their own current: Anglicanism.
-Oh then, since everyone is doing it, if that can help me stop having the Pope annoying me, I am embarking on Anglicanism! Meanwhile in the east, the Ottoman Empire which is already well established in Europe, dangerously approaching the Holy Empire, he is waging war on Hungary, which Austria must protect. Eventually, Hungary loses and its Kingdom is split in two. A part is annexed by the Turks, the other by Austria. For the moment, the Turks will not go further in Europe. The Ottoman Empire has already reclaimed a lot of territory in a short time, but he is not about to stop since he will annex the Regency of Tripoli weakly protected by the Knights of Malta. In 1546, after several failures to suppress Lutheranism, the Holy Empire decides to start a military repression. Obviously, the people can do nothing against the might of the Empire, but the latter will have to give it up if he doesn’t want to end up in civil war.
-Good, I think to kick Lutheranism, it’s a bit dead, we’ll make do with it … Thus, in 1555, Protestantism was recognized as a religion by the Holy Empire, at that time it was ruled by Charles Quint, who is also King of Spain and Archduke of Austria, since at the same time Spain was colonizing half of America, we can say that Charles V is the most powerful man in the Western world. Among the territories of Charles V, there is the Burgundian Netherlands, part of which has become predominantly Protestant, in order to avoid that the provinces of the latter do not end up dividing, Charles Quint decides to merge them under the same government.
In this way the Netherlands has just been created as a united country but under Austro-Spanish supervision. In the 1550s, Sweden, independent for about thirty years argues over territories with Russia. But the problem seems to have been resolved as early as 1557. But later, Russia seeks to annex territories in the Baltic Sea, Poland, Lithuania, Sweden and Denmark intervene to protect the faltering Confederation of Livonia. Finally, Russia loses and the victorious countries share the Confederation who will become especially Polish, the latter merging with Lithuania. A huge country is therefore created in Eastern Europe and separated Russia from the Holy Roman Empire from 1569. After this war, Sweden and Denmark, which were temporarily allies bring their rivalry up to date.
They start a war that will only weaken them, there will be no change at the end of 1570. In 1568, in the Netherlands, tensions between Protestants and Catholics return and the Spaniards, allies of the Austrians, must intervene. The Protestant part in the north will declare itself independent in 1581. But back to the Baltic Sea, in 1590, Russia took advantage of its fitness to attack Sweden and get back what she lost. However, although victorious, Russia begins to suffer from unrest from 1598 because of inheritance issues. The same year, France, who had suffered much from the Protestant revolts is obliged to implement the Edict of Nantes which allows religious tolerance as the Holy Empire had done a few years earlier. In 1605, Poland, taking advantage of the instability in Russia, invades it then goes to war and reclaim some territories in the east.


Always to take advantage of the unrest in Russia, Sweden tries to put pro-Swedish king in Russia then attack him and take the opportunity to recover some pieces of territory in eastern Finland. During the same period, Sweden hopes to recover some territories in northern Scandinavia, except that they are defended by Denmark who goes to war in turn and gains several advantages over the northern territories. In 1609, the civil war still rages in the Netherlands. -We in the north are Protestants! We are fed up with the Spanish crown! -We in the south, it’s okay, we saw it well to be Catholic … We therefore decided to divide the country in two. The north becomes the United Provinces independent and protestant country and the Catholic south remains under the Spanish crown becoming the Spanish Netherlands. This has helped calm tensions in this part of Europe.
But at the same time, Sweden and Denmark fought a lot of wars and hope to use their Protestant influences to gain territories in northern Germany. The Holy Empire meanwhile, although he authorized Protestantism, is afraid that its influence, via Austria, will decline. In addition, tensions in the Netherlands will increase again leaving bad omen on religious stability in Europe.

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