Morocco may be a country located in North Africa . 710 850 km² for nearly 34 million inhabitants. The density is simply under 50 inhabitants per km². The capital is Rabat and it’s a constitutional monarchy. So before we start talking about physiography , the borders must be clearly defined. Before 1975, Morocco only occupied a part of its present territory. In 1975, following the top of the Spanish mandate on the Western Sahara , the territory is taken into account Moroccan by Morocco. Territory he has controlled mainly since 1991. In short, the geography of Morocco are often done on two scales, a general where we integrate Western Sahara ,that’s what he’s called since he’s not Spanish and a scale where we specialise in Morocco within the strict sense. physiography : The north of Morocco is occupied by the good range that’s the Atlas, this chain goes to Tunisia via Algeria. Jebel Toubkal is that the highest mountain within the Atlas and it’s also the very best in Morocco and every one of North Africa with 4167 meters. it’s subdivided into three secondary chains: the center Atlas to the north, the High Atlas within the center and therefore the Anti-Atlas to the south. The northern natural a part of Morocco is named the Rif, there’s alittle range of an equivalent name and plains. The Atlantic Coast is additionally made from plains, including the Gharb plain. The south of the country, Western Sahara, it’s plains but with a desert climate.
Territorial administration: Morocco is split into 12 administrative regions. These regions don’t really have a reputation since most of them are content in touch the name of the most towns. for instance the Fès-Meknes region so called because there are the cities of Fez and Meknes. we will notice that the division of the regions doesn’t coincide with the limit between Western Sahara and therefore the remainder of Morocco. This limit having no meaning within the Moroccan administration. These 12 regions are subdivided into 75 provinces and prefectures. 13 are prefectures and 62 provinces. In both cases, it’s a second level subdivision. The difference in terminology falls within the agricultural or urban dominance. for instance , the region Fez-Meknes is subdivided into 9 provinces and prefectures. 7 are provinces while 2 are prefectures, during this case the prefecture of Fez and therefore the prefecture of Meknes.
They are prefectures because it’s just one city each. And these 75 provinces and prefectures are subdivided into 1503 municipalities. Prefectures are often divided into several municipalities. for instance the Prefecture of Fez is split into two municipalities one among which is Fez but basically it’s an equivalent city or an equivalent agglomeration. Demographics: Morocco is populated by around 34 million people. the smallest amount populated region is that the one to the south, that of Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab. it’s but 150,000 inhabitants. But it’s also the most important region in terms of area. If we take the three southernmost regions, there are a few little but 1,000,000 inhabitants for a neighborhood of 317,000 km². this suggests that a million inhabitants survive 45% of the territory. Let’s specialise in the opposite 9 regions, far more populated.
33 million inhabitants sleep in a neighborhood of approximately 400,000 km² ie a density of 80 inhabitants / km². An estimated 60% of the Moroccan urban population and what’s particularly interesting this is often the distribution of agglomerations during this area of the country. The agglomerations are very well distributed there. Network: Morocco’s urban network is sort of original. Unlike most countries in Africa, there’s not only one big city who has all the powers. Here, the most important city is Casablanca, with its agglomeration it might expect 5 million inhabitants. It’s the economic metropolis, but it’s not the capital. but 100 km from it, we discover Rabat which with Salé and Témara forms a conurbation of just about 2 million inhabitants,Rabat is that the political capital of the country. If we take the 2 administrative regions of Casablanca and Rabat, we get a population of over 11 million. One in three inhabitants therefore lives during this space between El Jadida and Kénitra via Casablanca and Rabat. additionally to Casablanca and Rabat, there are other vital towns. especially Tangier which has a few million inhabitants and which is that the main port of the country. This city may be a port of entry for the Mediterranean. There also are the four imperial cities of which Rabat is a component with Fez, a million inhabitants, Marrakech 1,000,000 too and Meknes, 600,000 inhabitants.
To this, we will add Agadir, the massive seaside resort, Tetouan, the town on the Mediterranean and Oujda, the border town with Algeria. Each with quite half 1,000,000 inhabitants. then with of these cities, we’ll be ready to celebrate redesigning the urban network. As previously said, the demographic center of the country is an axis between Casablanca and Rabat. There are therefore two national roads, a coastline and an indoor that connects the 2 large cities. A highway was built from 1978 and completed in 1987. And a daily railway line was inaugurated in 1984. the remainder of the motorway network and railways revolve around this central axis. From Casablanca there are two highways: One towards El Jadida then Safi. Another to Marrakech then Agadir. From Rabat there are two other highways: A towards Oujda, shortly from the Algerian border passing through Fez and Meknes And another towards Tangier. As for the train, it follows roughly an equivalent axes. An axis that goes from Marrakech to Tangier.