Italy may be a country located in Europe. 301,336 km², the population is approximately 60 million. The capital is Rome and it’s been a republic since 1946. physiography Italy is in particular a peninsula, called the Italian Peninsula . additionally to the present peninsula. The Padania plain to the north and therefore the Alps even further north. additionally , there are several islands including the 2 most vital are Sardinia and Sicily. It’s quite mountainous country since we discover there in fact Alps with Mont Blanc which rises to around 4,810 meters, the most important summit in Italy but also Alps .
The peninsula is roofed by the Apennines from North to south. Small important fact, Italy has 4 almost active volcanoes, which is extremely rare in Europe. the most important is Etna, very active but not explosive volcano, so, it’s OK, lava flows quietly from time to time. The second largest is Vesuvius, smaller, much less active but explosive, it’s located within the middle of a city which makes it very dangerous. the opposite two volcanoes are islands. The more famous of the 2 is Stromboli, most active volcano in Europe whose lava flows almost continuously. The second is far less known, his name is Vulcano, which suggests Volcano in Italian. In fact, this volcano simply gave its name to all or any the volcanoes within the world. Its last eruption was over a century ago. Vesuvius is therefore the foremost dangerous, its last eruption dates from 1946, it had killed 26 people.
Another major risk is that the seismic risk. The country features a very high seismic risk within the center of the Apennines and between Calabria and Sicily where the tectonic plate boundary passes. The last major earthquakes were those from Umbria in 2016 and L’Aquila in 2009. They each killed about 300 people. That of Irpinia in 1980 killed nearly 3,000 people. But the foremost famous of earthquakes was that of Messina in 1908 which killed almost 100,000 people. it’s the most important earthquake in terms of price known in Europe. Anyway, and if not the Po Plain, it’s the most important plain in Italy. Here. Let’s take subsequent step. Territorial administration: Italy may be a republic divided into 20 regions themselves subdivided into 110 provinces, themselves subdivided in nearly 8,000 municipalities.
It’s not a federation, but some regions have certain autonomy which could approach federalism. We are talking about autonomous regions. Among the autonomous regions, there’s the Aosta Valley, which is formed from just one province. Its autonomy is thanks to its cultural aspect, it’s a historically francophone region. French is recognized as a politician language with Italian. Then there’s Trentino Alto Adige who actually has no real power since the 2 provinces which compose it are themselves autonomous. Before the second war , Italy has done everything to Italianize this region collected in Austria after the primary war , but without success. Friuli-Venezia Giulia also has this status thanks to its proximity to Slovenia.
Slovenian is recognized as a regional language although it’s hardly spoken. Its capital is Trieste which was an autonomous state for a few years after the Second war . Finally, the 2 islands even have autonomy. Sardinia with its official language, the Sardinian. And Sicily who don’t really have linguistic minorities since Sicilian is taken into account an Italian dialect. Its autonomy comes rather from the very fact that it’s an island. More recently, some provinces have changed status and became Metropolitan Cities. for instance , the province of Bari became in 2015, the Metropolitan City of Bari. It keeps an equivalent territory. there’s not far more to mention on territorial administration. Demographics: Italy features a density of 200 inhabitants per km². The population is quite well distributed, there are in fact regions less dense than others but basically we cannot say that the north is denser than the south or the other way around . the foremost densely populated region is Campania, the second is Lombardy. Both have density of around 400 inhabitants per km². Lazio and Liguria have about 300 inhabitants per km². If we take northern Italy, that is, the 8 northernmost regions. We obtain a population of 27.6 million inhabitants over a neighborhood of 120,000 km². that’s to mention a density of 230 inhabitants per km². If we take southern Italy, that’s to mention the 6 southernmost regions, Sicily included. We obtain a population of 17.8 million inhabitants for a neighborhood of 92,000 km². that’s to mention a density of 190 inhabitants per km². So there you’ve got it, there’s not a glaring difference population density. Italy forms a kind of North, Center and South triad.
Milan is that the main city of the country with around 6 million inhabitants. Naples is that the largest city within the south with 4 million inhabitants. Rome is that the capital and made 4 million with its agglomeration. the foremost populous municipality is that of Rome, but it’s very extensive, it’s a population of slightly below 3 million. The Metropolitan City of Naples, as for her, is smaller in area than the municipality of Rome for a rather larger population. If not among the opposite big cities, there’s Turin, 1,000,000 inhabitants, Genoa, 800,000 inhabitants, Palermo more or less an equivalent , Bari, Florence, Bologna, Catania, half-millionaire agglomerations. Now let’s check out the various ethnicities present on the territory supported the languages spoken. Of course, there are the Franco-Provençals in Aosta Valley, Occitans within the West, Germans in South Tyrol, from Sardinia to Sardinia.
Then additionally to the so-called Italian languages, there also are quite unusual communities, faraway from their regions of origin. A Catalan community in Sardinia since the center Ages, a Greek community within the south called Griko.